Batik History


Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.


The techniques, symbolism and culture surrounding hand-dyed cotton and silk garments known as Indonesian Batik permeate the lives of Indonesians from beginning to end.

  • INTRODUCTIONDefinition

    The definition of batik in accordance to historical presence of batik is motive in the art of fabric to be used as materials to make clothing and other textile products- and now also on other media such as wood-by manually methods of handicrafts , aided "malam" (candles in the term world of batik) to create a motive. Because of the history of the emergence of batik is the the habit of ancient kings in painting a picture or motive on their fabric. Which then developed using "malam" and dyes that started a wide range of various bark and leaves.
  • ResurrectionTradition to Creativity

    As time passed the habit has become a tradition of batik and work results of this batik began to be a gift for the royal guests. Motive is also experiencing growth. There are some who issued a motif through a variety of reflection, or through the various processions. Traditional motives used to have a lot of sense advice of life, the result of reflection and of the procession.
  • InovationBatik Tulis and Rise of Batik Cap/Stamp

    Batik at that moment only handwriting batik with equipment named canthing. Because of increasingly popularity batik, batik then develops into a commodity trade that have many fans. To fulfill the demand, then comes the batik cap (stamp batik). The primary difference between batik cap and handwriting batik is the process of batik itself. If using canthing handwriting batik, but if you use a stamp its stamp batik. And the next process remains the same.
  • CompetitionPrinting Batik lethal blow Batik Tulis and Batik Cap.

    Then in the era of the 1980s emerged that used to be called printing batik. Printing batik that if returned to the definition of the initial appearance of batik, can not be put into the category of batik, just like batik-patterned textile products. The process of batik print is not a fully manual handicraft, and most importantly is did not use malam as the media of batik. This is the most striking the existence of the original batik. By comparison of the results of handwriting batik production on average per week to be 1 piece, 20 pieces of its stamp batik and than Printing a day can reach hundreds or even thousands of pieces, and then the market is flooded with products printing, which is obviously with much lower price, even though for the quality of art very far behind . However, most of the market at that time could not distinguish the true art of batik. As time passed one by one the original batik entrepreneurs was knocked out. Many of them are out of business. But the education market on the original batik is already coming to fruition, with increasingly improvement of the original batik market (written and cap). And now began to grew more original batik producers.

Technology Challenges and Progress Times

The young generation is selective, easily dazzled and tempted by digital technology and Internet. Now, it is the responsibility and the challenge for us to preserve and pass on the culture of batik to them.

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